In this article we are going to talk of an Iranian village which has been a source of original Iranian and Kurdish art and rich culture from the days of yore and is named Uraman Takht. Thanks to its intact nature, specific architecture, and a traditional religious ceremony, namely Pir Shalyar, Uraman Takht village is known as one of Iran’s wonderful villages.
Uraman Takht village is a part of Uraman district of the Iranian Kurdistan province located 65 km south-east of Marivan city, and 170 km away from the center of the province, Sanandaj. With an altitude of 1450 meters above the sea level, this village enjoys a mild weather in spring and summer, and has cold weather during fall and winter. Uraman is a vast and mountainous area of Zagros which includes the whole south of Kurdistan province, and Uraman Takht village is a part of it. Remnants of Zoroastrian fire temples around the village provide evidence that before Islam, people of this region were followers of Zoroaster. Nowadays, the residents of the village are Sunni Muslims and speak in Urami or Hurami dialect of Kurdish language. There is also the mausoleum of Pir Shalyar who was a Zoroastrian priest and it is said to have embraced Islam later on. A religious ceremony is held in mid Bahman month corresponding to early February every year next to his mausoleum.
The term Huraman is formed out of the two parts -hura and -man. Man means place or land; and Huraman is thought to have the meaning the Ahurayi land or the place of Ahura Mazda. Hur in Avesta means the sun, therefore the term Huraman can also be said to mean ‘The Land of Sun.’ According to the people’s belief, Uraman used to be a big city and of great importance in the past, hence it was known as Takht (meaning throne) or the center of the government.
Uraman Takht village is located on a steep slope facing the north side of the Uramanat Mountain. Therefore just like Masuleh village, it has a dense and step-like residential area which has added to its beauty and attractiveness. The roof of each house forms the yard of the upper one, and the walls are made without using any mortar and just by artistically putting pieces of stone on top of each other. The most frequently used materials in construction of buildings are stone and wood; and the wood is usually from walnut or plane trees.
Most of Uraman Takht residents are farmers, gardeners, or raisers of livestock; while some of them work in the field of handicrafts. The most important agricultural products of the village are wheat, barley, lentil, grape, and walnut; and in the large gardens located on the Sirvan River banks products such as pear, walnut, pomegranate, and fig are grown. Medicinal plants such as hock, borage, milfoil, yarrow, licorice, bee balm, and the like can also be found in this village.