Solomon throne is located inside an oval fence with strong walls of 5 meters width about 14m height. This wall 38 defense towers. History of This building returns to pathains dynasty of Iran, but the peak of its glory grandeur was from sassanian to Ilkhanate dynasties. This region was important from several aspects which make it unique. Solomon throne complex is located on a lime mountain where there is a lake at its summit with an artesian source.
This mountain is formed during thousands of years by lime sediments that produced by this source. As ancient manuscripts, Zoroaster’s place of birth was located here. This complex had very high importance and holiness dor Sassanian. After Romans invasion some part of this complex demolished after Islam was accepted by Iranians, the complex gradually lost its significance. At Ilkhanian Mongols, some parts were added to this complex and it was used as summer capital city by them. One of the important structures of this complex is Azargoshasb fire-temple, this fire-temple is one of the oldest ones in Iran, its name has been addressed in Shahnameh 61 times and it is one of the tree most important fire-temple of Iran ( Azargoshasb, Azar faranbagh and Azarbarzin) This fire-temple is located at northern part of lake.
The temple was built at Sassanian era. Hollyfire was delivered from these three fire-temples to other ones. Khossrow balcony is another building which is located at north- waste of the lake and its construction returns to Sassanian era. This balcony is made of red brick and mortar. Another important work within this complex, which is natural, is a lake at the center of the complex that glares at the center of complex like a signet having specified features. These small lakes has 70m cliameter where water is ettervescing from depth of 60m and maintain lake’s water.suprisingly the temperature of lake’s water is the same in summer, winter and is about 21c; this is an evidence and reason showing that its water comes from very deep water table.
This source is the biggest travertine making sources in Iran. One of the springs this is seprated from the lake and follows down the hill. Makes wall-shape ribbons around the hill; one of those bands is called Solomon dragon. Solmon throne complex is fourth global registered work that on the 5th of July, 2004 enlisted as UNISCO’s global heritages.